How to Care for A Lavender Plant
Lavender is a beneficial plant and can be helpful for many things. Lavender cultivation can be proven to be very interesting and useful as lavender is an aromatic perennial flowing shrub that can grow to 80cm long. The leaves of this plant are genuinely opposite of it as they grow oval linear with the small flowers. It was founded in the Mediterranean areas, but it can also be planted and grown in any backyard or in any container. The Indian country grows lavender in the regions where the rainfall is low such as the Himachal Pradesh. Mostly these fragrant flowers are grown in the areas of the Kashmir valley. The scientific and family names of these flowers are Lavandula spica and Lamiaceae, respectively. To know more deeply about lavender cultivation, don’t skip any point in this article.
Variety Of Lavender
Before you are ready for lavender cultivation, you should know about its species. So if you don’t know There are four wide varieties of lavender which are described in-depth below:
- True Lavender. True lavender is the longest cultivated species of lavender. And it is mainly local in the Mediterranean region. It possibly grows from 1600 to 1700 meters above. The flowering blossoms of the true lavender plants are about 20cm to 0.40cm lengthy and single-tailed. The grayish-green pubescent leaves are nearly 30mm to 50mm lengthy. The crucial oil quantity of this species is about 0.5% to 0.1%.
- Spike Lavender. Spike lavenders are also found in the same region as of the true lavender, which is the Mediterranean region. They can grow 250meters to 700 meters from the sea level.
- Lavandin lavenders. This lavender variety is the mixture of true lavender and the spike lavender, which means a hybrid species of the lavender, which sounds so fascinating. This lavender can cultivate at a high of 800 meters to 1000 meters above sea level. This type of lavender shrub can grow up to a hight of 0.8 to 1 meter with a hemispherical shape. The spikes of this plant can grow from 0.6 meters to 0.9 meters, and they are typically branched plants. They have narrow leaves, Lanceolate, and contrary and also of the green color without any pubescent.
- The Sher-E-Kashmir lavender. This variety was found by CIMAP, Lucknow, Up. Where CIMAP refers to the Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, this contains 100% essential oil yields being a superior clone for lavenders.
You can use this data to cultivate lavender to your advantage during the cultivation of this fragrant flower. Now you can easily estimate the require for lavenders according to their variety. The true lavender can be an excellent choice to cultivate if you have time and want to do things entirely naturally. But if you are more focused on getting resources such as essential oils, it would be better to cultivate Sher-E-Kashmir lavender to get most of the essential oils.
The Climate and Conditions Required To Cultivate Lavender
The most favorable climate for lavender cultivation is when it is not so hot in summer or cold during the winter season. Lavender is a temperate plant and is affected a lot by temperature; it can tolerate drought or frost circumstance. It is possible to get more yields if you grow these plants on any higher altitude. This also needs gentle sunlight from the sun as in case of less sunlight, and the yield doesn’t get produced well and decreases with a considerable ratio. Less return means less content of essential oils in the lavender flower.
The best soil for lavender cultivation in the ground, which has the following features.
● Light and well-aerated dry.
● Calcareous land with slope rich in the organic matter.
More productive soil, which has content with the organic matter in it, can be more beneficial for lavender cultivation. The land must have a PH scale from 7.0 to 8.3 to have a good quality of yields for essential oil content. This, the soil factor also matters a lot for the cultivation of these fragrant flower plants. You can run a scientific test on soils to find the best place for the advancement of lavender.
This would be so easy to get better results if you work on cultivation, keeping in mind these factors. These requirements are essential if you want better resources from your cultivation of lavender.
Also, you need to prepare your land before you start doing anything. Remove all the weeds from the area. You can also spread decomposed farmyards during the land preparation so you would be able to increase the quality of the soil fertility very well. Preparing a land is a crucial part of growing any plant.
The next step after the land preparation the lavender propagation. This thing can be done in many ways which are further explained below,
- Seeds. After preparing beds, you should sow the seeds in them. The small seeds should be mixed up with a nice coarse stand. Every square meter should be covered with 2 grams of the seeds.
- Layering. This is done to select a lengthy and robust stem and remove 12 cm to 15 cm of the foliage, which leaves 10 cm of the leaf at the tip of the branch. You can cut the new plants from the mother plants after rooting.
Use any of these two methods for the best propagation of lavender cultivation.
Planting and Harvesting in The lavender cultivation
The plantation of lavender should be done in the season of autumn or spring. Lavender, if planted the density of 20,000 hectares, can produce higher yields for the production of essential oils and resources.
Typically the lavender begins to flourish easily in the warm season in low hight areas. Flowers can easily be cut with a stem length of 10 cm. You can harvest in August and September months if it’s in the Kashmir region.
That’s all you needed to know before starting to think or working on ideas of lavender cultivation. It is hoped that it had helped you to get all the information.
Find out more about this Genus of Lavandula, here.